Author: Alexandru-Marian Crenganiș
Regardless of the period, the political regime, the Extended Black Sea region was characterized by its own power balance, determined by several keys that customized it, and contributed to show its geostrategic and geopolitical importance. This area is characterized by tensions between the Russian Federation and the West.
The political game in the Extended space of the Black Sea is maintained by two current, which are beating head to head. We have, on the one hand, an approach or an accession of the states from the area to NATO and UE, and the other hand, we have the Kremlin’s efforts to develop and consolidate a political, military and economic block, to have a decisive world in the vicinity of close proximity.
This notion of the Black Sea Extended Space represents the Black Sea state, such as Romania, Bulgaria, Turkey, Moldova, Armenia, Azerbaidjan, Georgia, Russia and Ukraine. Ukraine enter in the map of these frozen conflicts after the illegal annexation of Crimean Peninsula by the Russia Federation and the armed conflicts that took place following this annexation.
This extended area is important for the actors in the region, but also for the international, because in the context of the enlargement of NATO, and the EU, it has new geopolitical, geostrategic and geo-economic importance.
Specific to this area are frozen conflicts. Through armed conflict, we understand an acute conflict situation, but without recourse to large-scale armed violence.
After the collapse of the USSR, this area has faced several frozen conflicts. These are: Transnistria, South Ossetia, Abkhazia, Nagorno-Karabakh, but also Chechnya. In these conflicts, there is a distinctive typology. We must distinguish, situations where ethnic conflict existed independently of Russia's involvement, and where minorities had the desire for secession, and the situations where Russia intervened through geopolitical engineering and produced ideals with separatist desires.
Although the are these frozen conflicts, many actors, both internal and external, have different interests in this area. After 2014, the security environment of the region has deteriorated. Also, we have to deal with a reaffirmation of Russia’s wishes to control the former areas of influence again. He uses these frozen conflicts for its purpose through the corruptibility of leaders in this area through political and economic blackmail, but also by maintaining those risks that result from the emergence of separatist movements.